Lincolnshire Village  
SPRINGTHORPE  
 
 '
Illegitimacy and Bastardy bonds
 
  • Parish Poor Law Overseers usually tried to establish the name of the father of an illegitimate child so that he could be made to pay weekly amounts to the mother and thus spare the Roor Rate funds.  The matter was dealt with by the issue of a Bastardy Bond.  Many cases are mentioned in Quarter Session records
  • Under the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834, mothers of illegitimate children could apply to the Petty Sessions for a Bastardy Order against the father. 
  • When an illegitimate child was registered (after 1 July 1837) the father's name was normally omitted
  • The term 'illegitimate' was not used in parish registers until the 18th century, although the Latin illegitima may sometimes be found
  • A 'natural and lawful son' also appeared in Latin as filius naturalis et legitimus.
Many other terms were used for illegitimacy:
    Bantling
    Base
    Base-born
    Bastardus
    Begotten in adultery
    Begotten in fornication
    Born extra
    By-blow
    By-chip
    By-scrape
    By-slip
    Chance begot
    Child of shame
    Love begot
    Lovechild
    Merrybegot
    Misbegotten
    Scape-begotten
    Spuriosus
    Whoreson
     
So far we have found only one record of a Bastardy Bond issued to a Springthorpe woman -- see below.
 
KIRTON-IN-LINDSEY COURT
Mother:
Mary MILNER, late of Springthorpe 
Putative Father: 
---
Sex of child:
---
Date:
1811
Thomas LACEY, John BINKS and Benjamin STANILAND of  Springthorpe  were bondsmen 
 
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